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HYDROPNEU · Special Cylinders · Telescopic Cylinder

The telescopic cylinder, a special type of the linear hydraulic drive, is used whenever a great stroke is needed but the maximum installation length of the hydraulic cylinder is limited.

Within the telescopic cylinder, several piston rod elements are guided into one another and extend telescopically during pressurisation. The total stroke is therefore divided into various stages and the installation length of the hydraulic cylinder is correspondingly shortened.

Hydraulic Double-Acting Telescopic Cylinder with Special Ventilation

This concept is realized very easily for single-acting cylinders which only release force during extension and get pushed back through external forces. The concept is far more complicated for double-acting cylinders which extend and retract on their own. It is very important to pay attention to the oil flow inside of the cylinder during the retraction process. The pressure and the volume flow have to be present on all ring faces and up to the smallest piston rod. Since the smallest piston rod is the innermost level of the cylinder and doesn’t have an external supply, the hydraulic oil has to be led all the way up to this point.
For the required constant extension rate across all levels, a precise dimensioning of the volumes and an exact coordination of the cross sections is necessary.
Due to the complex inner structure, it is especially important to pay attention to the ventilation possibilities of the cylinder. To guarantee a lasting and unproblematic life span, all levels and ducts have to be ventilated effectively while at the same time the prospective mounting position has to be taken into account.

Hydraulic Double-Acting Telescopic Cylinder with Path Detection

In modern mechanical engineering and the networked industry 4.0, production processes become increasingly interconnected to coordinate the production in an optimal way and to achieve the highest possible production rate. It is necessary to precisely identify individual motion sequences in order to program the ideal controls and regulations.

The usage of a normal path detection system in combination with the special design of the telescopic cylinders is not possible. Hydropneu filled this gap in cooperation with a development partner and is now able to offer an adaptable path detection system that can be securely incorporated even in telescopic cylinders.


We gladly advise you on the design for your specific application. We’ll do an on-site installation and commissioning.

You can always call us at +49(0)711-342999-0 or you are welcome to use our contact form.

Telescopic Cylinder
Telescopic Cylinder